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1. a male sovereign or monarch; a man who holds by life tenure, and usually by hereditary right, the chief authority over a country and people.
2. God or Christ.
3. a person or thing preeminent in its class: a king of actors.
4. a playing card bearing a picture of a king.
5. Chess.the chief piece of each color, whose checkmating is the object of the game; moved one square at a time in any direction.
6. Checkers.a piece that has been moved entirely across the board and has been crowned, thus allowing it to be moved in any direction.
7. Entomol.a fertile male termite.
8. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter K.
This ancient and distinguished surname belongs to that sizeable group of European urnames that were gradually created from the habitual use of nicknames. These nicknames were given with reference to a variety of personal characteristics, such as physical attributes or peculiarities, mental and moral characteristics, and to habits of dress and behaviour. The derivation, in this instance, is from the Middle English "king", ultimately from the Olde English pre 7th Century "cyning", king, used to denote someone who conducted himself in a kingly manner; one who had played the part of a king in a medieval pageant, or perhaps won the title in some contest. This surname has the rare distinction of being recorded prior to the Domesday Book of 1086 . Further early recordings from England and Scotland include: Geoffrey King ; Wuluricus le King ; and Robertus dictus King . When found in Ireland, the surname may be either of English origin, introduced following the Anglo-Norman invasion of 1170, or of Gaelic derivation. In the latter case, King is an Anglicized form of the Old Gaelic "O''Cionga" or "O''Cingeadh" , a family which in medieval times were seated on the Island of Inismor in Lough Ree.
1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W.
2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning “will” and “helmet.”
Recorded in over two hundred spellings and found throughout Europe, this is a surname of Germanic origins. These spellings include: Wilhelm Wilham, Wilharm , William, Williams, Welliam, Gilliam, Gwilliam , Guilaume, Willaume, Willeme , Guillermo, Guillen , Vielmi, Vigietti, Biglietti, Lemmo , and many others. It was introduced into England and Scotland around the time of the Norman Conquest of 1066, and was carried by four English kings. The derivation is from the pre 7th century personal name "Wilhelm" composed of the elements "wil", meaning "of strong mind", and "helm", translating literally as helmet, but in this context meaning "protection". As a patronymic the short form of "s", meaning "son of", is often added. Political correctness is not a new phenomena, and after the accession of King William 1st in 1066, the name became the most popular British personal name, and with the creation of surnames from the 12th century, an equally popular surname. The list of prominent holders of the surname is almost endless, but one of the more unusual could be said to be the famous republican Oliver Cromwell, who "reigned" in England from 1650 to 1658, and whose family were formerly called Williams. They held extensive estates in Wales, but under instructions from King Henry V111 , the family name was changed to Cromwell. The first recorded spelling of the family name anywhere in the world is believed to be that of Richard William. This was dated 1279, in the "Hundred Rolls" of the county of Oxfordshire, England
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